Birds of Down East Maine
Key coastal species include the Atlantic Puffin, Black Guillemot, and Common Eider. The American Woodcock is a secretive migratory upland game bird that can be seen here. Significant marsh and water birds include Wilsonâ€™s Snipe, Pied-billed Grebe, Virginia Rail, Least and American Bitterns, and Sora. Boreal Chickadee, Spruce Grouse, Black-backed Woodpecker, and crossbills are representative of the variety of the area's boreal species. Some two dozen species of nesting warblers illustrate the many neo-tropical songbirds that migrate through eastern Maine or nest here sometime during the year. Specialized grassland nesting species, such as Bobolink, Upland Sandpiper and Nelson's Sparrow can also be found.
Most bird species Down East can be found in a number of locations. Below are several key locations in the area and some of the birds you may encounter here.
Cobscook Bay shoreline and tidal flats:
- Short-billed Dowitcher
- Common Eider
- Black Guillemot
- Great Black-backed, Herring, and Laughing Gulls
- Black-bellied and Semipalmated Plovers
- Least and Semipalmated Sandpipers
- Wilsonâ€™s Snipe
- Nelson's Sparrow
- Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs
- Ruddy Turnstone
Roosevelt Campobello International Park and Campobello Island, New Brunswick:
Besides Alcids and Gulls, many boreal nesting species also can be found among the more than 150 bird species sighted here. The island has nesting locations of chickadees, jays, Merlin, thrushes, woodpeckers, and quite a few warblers and other songbirds. Also watch for Canada Geese, grosbeaks, and Blue-winged Teal.
West Quoddy Head State Park, Lubec:
- Boreal Chickadee
- Great Cormorant
- Red and White-winged Crossbills
- Northern Gannet
- Spruce Grouse
- Dark-eyed Junco
- Gray Jays
- Golden-crowned Kinglet
- Black-legged Kittiwake
- American Redstart
- American Robin
- Pine Siskin
- White-throated Sparrow
- Hermit and Swainson's Thrush
- Blue-headed (Solitary) Vireo
- over a dozen warblers
- Black-backed Woodpecker
Trescott, Lubec, and Campobello Island
Trescott, Lubec, and Campobello Island bogs and their surrounding shrub and forested edges are home to chickadees, flycatchers, kinglets, Merlin, sparrows, swallows, and warblers, as well as the Purple Finch, American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, and Common Yellowthroat. Grassland nesting species, such as Bobolinks; Field, Lincoln's, Nelson's Sharp-tailed, Savannah, Song, White-throated, and Vesper Sparrows, and sometimes Eastern Meadowlarks and Upland Sandpipers, are found in area blueberry fields and other grasslands.
Over 200 species of birds have been identified in Cobscook Bay State Park.
Eastport, particularly Carrying Place Cove and Shackford Head State Park, are home to a variety of gulls.